The international crime of Partitioning of Poland occurred in the XVIII century nearly one thousand years after the founding of the first dynasty of Poland by a prince of the Piast family. At the time of the partitions, Poland-Lithuania was the largest state and the only democracy o the continent of Europe. The partitions which were initiated by Prussia eventually led to both World Wars.
According to Israel Shahak in 1648, the end of the Golden Decade of Jewish exploitation of the Ukraine brought about the mass mass-murders and pogroms of the Chmielnicki rebellion. The Resulting panic among Jewish bankers arose from their belief that all Jew would be evicted from Poland just as the had been evicted from Spain at the end of the XVth century, consequently Jewish financial assets were gradually moved west from Poland to Berlin.
In 1701 Jewish money from Poland helped to finance the creation the Kingdom of Prussia with capital in Berlin. The name “Prussia” symbolized the continuity of German militaristic tradition by recalling the XIIIth century conquest and genocide of the Balto-Slavic Prussians by the armed monks of the Teutonic Order. The resulting population vacuum caused the replacement of the name of Prussian Lakes by the name of Mazurian Lakes because the Lakeland was gradually populated by the Mazurs from Mazovia of which Warsaw still is the capital.
North of Warsaw in Summer of 1410 the power of the Teutonic Order was broken by King of Poland Władysław Jagiełło in the largest medieval battle at Grunwald. The victory was made possible because Poland initiated voluntary union of the states threatened by the German Teutonic Knights. The first voluntary union of states was concluded at Krewo in 1385. It eventually led to the formation of the largest territory in Western Christianity by the union of the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. It is significant that the Gand Duchy used the Belorussian as its official language. The union of all of Scandinavia followed in 1397 during the crownig of Polish Prince Erick of Sławno of Western Pomerania, who was the grandson of Polish King Casimir the Great. The second voluntary union of all Scandinavian states in 1397 in Kalmar also was caused by the threat of aggression of the Teutonic Order.
The supreme power in Poland resided in the Chamber of Deputies beginning with the constitution passed in Radom on May 3, 1505 to the Constitution of the Third of May 1791 which was passed in Warsaw by the confederated Sejm Wielki (Grand Seym). The First Polish Republic which was formally established at the Union of Lublin in 1569. Around the year 1600, one million free citizens lived in Poland, a record in the world history of representative government. These citizens had the unique right in Europe to run for the office of the head of state and its chief executive in a free general election. Men and women had the same property and inheritance rights. The Polish indigenous legislative process shaped the national culture. While in Western and Eastern Europe monarchs became more and more authoritarian, Poland elected its kings as chief executives of the First Republic and passed its laws in the Sejm (Parliament).
Poland played a crucial and decisive role in saving of Europe from the conquest by the Muslim Ottoman Empire in battles at Vienna on September 12, 1683 and at Parkany on October 7-9, 1683, which effectively ended Turkish expansion into Europe. King of Poland Jan III Sobieski was the supreme commander of the Allied Christian Armies. Poland and Turkey exhausted each other and gradually became the “sick men” of Europe, while Muscovy power grew, especially under Peter the Great of Russia (1672-1725) who realized that the republican system of government in Poland was a legal structure, at the top of the Polish state, which he could poison.
It was begun by the inauguration of August Wetlin of Saxony as the King of Poland, despite the fact that he had been defeated in the general elections. Later the predatory powers which partitioned Poland in the late 18th century made sure that the knowledge of Polish liberty faded away from European memory.
Partitions of Poland (1762-1795) initiated by King of Prussia, Federic II (1712-1786) made Prussia by far the largest territory among over 350 independent states and principalities in Germany, which had been fragmented for centuries. Prussian Chancellor Otto von Bismarck (1815-1898) provoked a war against France in 1871. The robbery by the newly unified Germany of French gold, helped to modernize German industry and shipyards to the point that Germany was winning in export competition against England. By 1903 in London extensive plans were made to conduct a surprise attack on Germany to destroy its shipyards and industry which was more modern and efficient than British Industry. Germany was threatening the supremacy of the British Empire.
Bismarck on March 21, 1871 became for the next 19 years the Chancellor of the German Empire, which lasted 47 years to 1918, the year of German defeat in WWI. The German-Russian war started with Berlin’s ultimatum delivered to St. Petersburg stating that “if Russia does not demobilize in 12 hours, it will be at war against Germany.”This occurred in the context of general mobilization in central Europe following the assassination of the Austrian arch duke by the agent of Serbian intelligence. Serbia had refused to allow an investigation of the murder and The Russian government was militarily backing Serbia against Austria, which was allied with Germany. According to the defense minister in the Kerenski government in Russia, Aleksander Guchkov, Berlin’s aim was to create an Empire from the Rhine River to Vladivostok, on the shores of the Pacific Ocean, in order to dominate the world after winning competition against the British Empire. There are no documents in German historical archives, however, that the German government had officially formulated such a plan Bismark in the second half of the XIX century revived the memories of the German genocide of the Balto-Slavic Prussians in the XIII cent. He repeatedly likened the Poles to wolves, which should be “shot to death, whenever possible.” In 1861 he declared. “Hit Poles till they despair for their lives… if we are to survive, our only course is to exterminate them.” (Werner-Richter, ‘Rismarck,’ New York: Putnam Press, 1964. p. 101.) After German defeat in WWII Bismarck’s grandson publicly apologized in Poland for the genocidal plans of the first chancellor of the short-lived German Empire in which Chancellor Bismarck recommended extermination of the Poles.
The partitions of Poland made the Kingdom of Prussia dominant in Germany then fragmented into over 350 independent small kingdoms and principalities of which Prussia was by far the largest. Since after the partitions of Poland which incorporated the Kingdom of Prussia, in 1795 nearly 70% of the population, consisted of ethnic Poles unfamiliar with the German language. For this reason the ambitious Berlin government devised all kinds of dehumanizing routines in its boot camps in which ethnic Poles were to learn to obey German commands in order to be useful in German military service and help in realization of Berlin’s ambition to dominate the world. Hitler (1889-1945), an Austrian, who became German citizen on 25 February 1932, talked about Russia as being “German Africa” and Russians its “negros” to be used by the superior German race.
Hitler’s plan to create “Greater Germany” populated by “racial Germans from the River Rhine to the Dnieper River in the Ukraine,” was known to marshal Józef Piłsudski, the first head of state of the reborn Polish state, who understood that Hitler planned eventual eviction and mass murder of Poles and Ukrainians from their historical lands. Earlier, on March 3, 1918, in Brest Litovsk, a town occupied by Germans, Lenin’s Communist government signed a humiliating capitulation, which yielded to German dictate and agreed to make Russia a virtual vassal state of Germany. By 1945 Germans had amassed enough poison gas to kill the 51 million Slavs, mainly Poles and Ukrainians to complete the genocidal Nazi “Plan East.”
After death of president von Hindenburg on 2 August, 1934, Adolf Hitler was elected by an 88% of popular majority vote to be the head of the German state. Hitler continued to promote Pan-Germanism and started to use, in even more cruel forms, the traditional Prussian dehumanizing routines, this time by the starving inmates of German concentration camps such as the Sachsenchausen Concentrations Lager bei Berlin. This was located the headquarter of the entire system of some 8000 German concentration camps including smaller satellite camps around the larger camps.
During WWII one of the most dreaded commands of the SS-guards in Nazi concentration camps was: “Ale Musulmaenners austreten” (“all Muslims step forwards.”) The Nazi veterans of the Condor Legion in Spain, who later served as guards in concentration camps, brought with them Spanish curse words such as “carajo” (kahrakho) and the habit of calling “Muslims” the most miserable and run down prisoners in Nazi camps. Apparently, the word “Muslim,” was first used as a term of contempt by Nazi soldiers of Condor Legion in order to describe the Arabs from Morocco, who served together with them in Franco’s army. Thus, a few years after the Spanish Civil war in the Sachsenhausen concentration camp near Berlin the run down prisoners called “Muslims” were subjected to brutal “sport,” a procedure derived from Prussian dehumanizing routines used on recruits from of the Kingdom of Prussia who, immediately after the partitions of Poland, did not know the German language.
The international crime of the Partitioning of Poland, led to the extraordinary growth of megalomania within the Berlin government and its plans to create German empire from Rhine River to Vladivostok to dominate the world. The crime of partitioning of Poland initiated by Prussia reshaped Europe and eventually led to both World Wars and the disastrous defeat of Hitler’s Germany at the beginning of the nuclear age. The terms of the unconditional German surrender included the formal and complete liquidation of the state of Prussia, from which Poland recovered Pomerania and Silesia as well as the Masurian Lakes of East Prussia. The Soviet Union established a strategic base in the Kaliningrad (Królewiec, Koenigsberg) region from which it threaten all of Western Europe with cruise missiles such as “Iskander,” which could destroy all the European capitals including London and Paris.
Prof. Iwo Cyprian Pogonowski